Click on the image to open the full data visual.
It’s clear that accurate referencing has a great impact on students’ success at university. Referencing is a fundamental exercise in academia and, with increasing abundance of readily-available information today, the importance of ‘giving credit where credit is due’ becomes all the more significant.
At RefME, we wanted to dig deeper and discover what students thought.
We conducted a survey to find out if referencing was a concern for students, how knowledgeable they were, and their attitudes towards plagiarism in general. The results were illuminating.
1. The majority of UK students are concerned about their referencing
Of the students surveyed, 78.4% agreed when asked if they were worried about referencing correctly.
2. 1 in 2 students had lost marks for referencing incorrectly
The fact that so many students are worried comes into perspective when you consider that half of the students reported that they had lost marks for referencing incorrectly in their university assignments.
3. What were the most common referencing errors?
- Formatting your references incorrectly 67%
- Using the wrong referencing style 41%
- Not submitting a full reference list/bibliography 25%
4. One-third believe they could not lose marks for plagiarism
Students have a range of ideas about what might be in store for them if they are caught plagiarising. Although many were aware of the most common consequences, with 77% identifying suspension/exclusion, a staggering 34% were unable to identify losing marks as a potential consequence:
- Suspension/Exclusion: 77%
- Losing Marks: 66%
- Legal Prosecution: 34%
- A Fine: 20%
- I Don’t Know: 5%
- Nothing Will Happen: 1%
5. Over 71% are fearful of facing disciplinary actions for plagiarism
The vast majority of students reported that they were worried about facing disciplinary actions for plagiarism. This widespread concern over facing disciplinary actions can be easily avoided by simply learning to reference correctly and accurately.
6. Almost half of students reported a lack of information provided about referencing
Of the students surveyed, less than half agreed when asked if they felt they had received enough information about referencing while studying.
7. Over half were wrong or unsure about whether to reference common knowledge
The findings exposed a high degree of uncertainty around the recommended practice around referencing. Less than half of students surveyed were able to identify that they were not required to reference common knowledge; e.g. ‘Winston Churchill was English.’
8. More than 20% were unable to identify that ‘ghost writing’ constitutes academic misconduct
Although 4 out of 5 students were able to identify that paying for someone else to write your essay for you constitutes academic misconduct. Surprisingly, more than 20% were unable to identify this as plagiarism.
9. Good news: digitally native students are aware of the need to cite online sources
Although a small number of students were not aware, the survey found that the majority of students understand that they need to reference information copied from a publically available website.
10. Students are turning to technology to avoid plagiarism
Although the study has unearthed some concerning statistics around plagiarism in academia, students are increasingly using tools to help them out. With 49% reporting that they use a referencing tool and 44% reporting that they use plagiarism tools before submission, it’s clear that students are finding solutions to combat their fears around plagiarism and it’s consequences.
The survey exposed some potential cause for concern around student’s attitudes to the topic. One of the most staggering findings was that over 70% of respondents said they are fearful of facing disciplinary actions for plagiarism, noting a lack of awareness surrounding useful resources and confusion around how to reference as the main reasons. This was unsurprising when you consider that 50% said they had lost marks on university assignments for referencing incorrectly.
Of the Non-RefME users surveyed 64% said they worry that they are not referencing correctly. This was compounded with the technical questions around students’ knowledge about good referencing practice and their perceived repercussions of plagiarism, which found that many are less-informed than they ought to be on the subject.
Given a lack of knowledge and the fact that Higher Education institutions typically demonstrate a strict no tolerance policy for plagiarism, it may not be unsurprising that so many have lost marks. But, we’re curious, could this be avoided?
The students think so…
Of the students surveyed, over half felt they had not received enough information about referencing while studying.
But, is it the universities’ fault?
It’s true that referencing is a difficult skill that takes time and dedication to master. With increasing source types like the websites, podcasts and tweets that have been brought about by the digital revolution, there is so much more to know. Maybe that the time has come where understanding and, in turn, teaching around referencing has become too complicated to address in the traditional sense.
Given that advances in digital technology have been a significant driving factor in the increasing complexity around referencing, it seems intuitive to also look at technology for the solution.
And that’s exactly why RefME was created…
“I personally lost marks for citing incorrectly at university and was fearful of citing sources I was unable to format correctly. Based on these findings, it is a real problem that tools like RefME are trying to solve. We want students to do better research by knowing that they can use tools like RefME to help them along their research journey. I hope we can look back at these numbers in a couple of years and see evidence that the sentiment towards plagiarism has changed.”
-Tom Hatton, CEO and Founder of RefME
RefME is the world’s most accurate citation tool, creating and formatting citations in over 7,500 styles, including the most common: Harvard referencing, APA referencing & MLA referencing. The reference generator and browser extension along with the iOS and Android apps help students throughout their research journeys to ensure that they are citing correctly and avoiding plagiarism.
About the Survey
In February 2016, two online surveys were conducted among 2,868 UK students currently enrolled in higher education. The surveys were conducted by OnePoll and SurveyMonkey and the findings have been analysed and interpreted by RefME. Two groups were surveyed, students who currently use RefME and those that do not. Furthermore, the two sets of findings have been amalgamated and at times, where statistically relevant, the findings have been used independently to showcase the disparity between RefME users and non-users.